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Nature Calendar in a complete Year -  by Regions


In the mountain Regions the lack of rain is also felt. At the foot of these mountains the defoliation process begins as moisture saving of the plants to avoid an excessive evapotranspiration, this occurs in the deciduous forest. This phenomenon favors the use of scarce resources to allow the reproduction of many vegetable species, which becomes the best moment to watch the arboreal fauna.

In this month, the rains stop and the chill strikes. With the stopping of the rains, the flow of rivers and streams has reduced little by little in such a way that the flooded lowlands has receded and the wild fauna began to move and concentrate around the tidelands.


Andean Region January

The Little Tinamou begins its mating season. Its song, a beautiful, tremulous and prolonged whistle, can be heard repeatedly during the day until sundown.

Here also the Immortelle begins to flower, and as in the Coastal Region, birds can be seen flying among its branches searching for flowers or insects that come attracted by the sweet nectar.

The Pink Shower Sennas flower on the Andean foothills, brightening the landscape with the splendor of their pink flowers.

The Longtailed Sylph is nesting and the Andean CockoftheRock is courting. Among the latter, the males gather in the lek where they make their displays hoping to be chosen by one of the females.

The Whitecapped Dipper, which lives among the rocks and frigid waters of the torrential Andean rivers, begins to build its nest.

The great Thrush, the largest among its equals, is also building its nest.


February is the month to watch the birds of the forests that are adjacent with the moor. Early in the morning and before the sun rays rise the temperature, is a spectacle to get into those "midget" forests searching for the wonders that the nature offers


The local fauna movements become more noticeable, besides the accumulation of waters to locate those resources that form their diet. On the other hand, in many high mountain areas the weather is still relatively humid , due to the ascent and condensation of the air masses that rise from the lowlands and favor the forming of mixed bird flocks to locate their nourishing resources.

Andean Region-February

The Andean CockoftheRock begins its courtship vigorously. Its song, guttural and deep, can be heard at a distance. Its ugly voice does not do justice to its beautiful looks.

Blue Butterflies are frequently wandering around the forest trails with their characteristically irregular flight.

But the best part of February is the light. Mornings are the best of the year for seeing the cloudless mountains, the clear peaks, the landscape in all its splendor.


March is the peak month of what is known in the plains as "summer". Throughout this period scarce precipitation is registered all along the country, which forces to an intense defoliation of the vegetable species including those in the cloudy forest. That leaf carpet determines a greater concentration of bugs on the floor, because in the canopy the excess of light and radiation do not allow the development of a rich life.

In the whole Venezuela the fauna restricts its activities to the beginning of the morning, ending of the afternoon or to the night to avoid the high temperatures that are produced during noon.


Andean Region -March

Among the mossy branches of the San Isidro Forest, home of the Andean CockoftheRock, a beautiful tanager, the ORegioneared Tanager, Chlorochrysa calliparaea, can also be found.

The Brazilian Rabbit roams among the Espeletias, and sometimes frequents the salt licks set out for the cattle.

The Swordbilled Hummingbird can be seen feeding on the flower of a climbing plant of the same family of the passion fruit.

Along the mountain streams, the Barwinged Cinclodes can be seen hopping.

Few flowers are in bloom in the "páramo" at this time of the year.


April is the end of the drought. Many couples of parrots and macaws must be taking care of the hole where they will nest in the up coming season for two months already. However, in this month, the custody of this hole is done with more insistence due to the proximity of the reproductive period.

The flows of the rivers and streams are in their lowest level, forcing many fish to go the surface. This situation is profited by the Cranes the Gray Cranes, the GrayNecked WoodRail, such is the case of the Jabirus, which accmulate in large numbers of adults and young, taking advantage in this banquet.

In many places of the country the temperature may go higher of the 39º Celsius, reason why during

noon most of the country's ecosystems seem "off". Besides, April is the month of the retiring. Thousands of neotropical migratory birds will make their moving towards North America to begin there their reproductive period.

In what respects to the resident fauna, many mammals, reptiles and birds concentrate in the few places where there is the alimentary resource available, some maybe varying their regular diet.

April also is characterized by being the period of greater birth of bat species.


Andean Region -March

In Táchira, the Lyretailed Nightjar, a nocturnal bird, can be seen placidly sleeping during the day


With May comes the water, and with them, the insects, the birds and the amphibian sing in unison, as if they were celebrating the arrival of the resource of life. In this month and during the next bimester the greater amount of nesting will occur in almost all the tropic's representative ecosystems.

In the Regions, the Hummingbirds fly at amazing speeds like wanting to take nectar from every available flower in their zone of forage.

The plains come to live at night, owls actively hunting to feed their pigeons can be seen. The most dramatic change occurs when the savannas get dressed with an extraordinary green color that does

not remind at all the desolation of the late drought.

The rivers south of the Orinoco recover slowly from the scarce flow they use to have. The great water falls nourish from the rains to form huge free fall flows.

The most transcendent event takes place in the country's great caves. There the oil bird (Steatornis Caripensis) concentrates in numerous groups to begin their reproductive period, as well as most of the bat species, that can be observed in their brood's birth and nursing period.


Andean Region-May

The only native conifer of Venezuela, the "Criollo" Pine, is in flower.

There is increased activity among the "páramo" birds. It is a good moment to observe them.

The Speckled Teals, which have remained in small groups, now disperse throughout the "páramo" to nest and breed.


In June it rains all over Venezuela, this is why it is commonly known as the "winter month" or "of the water entrance".

All along the Caribbean coast the sea turtles begin their spawn period, being this an ancestral behavior of the surviving species.

In the plains, and product of a more accented sedimentation from the Andes, the rivers get colored in different tones that go from dark brown to brick red, being this haulage the ingredient that will stimulate life in this area.

If up North it rains everyday, in the South it rains

the whole day. Guayana is a sole scream of adult and young parrots and macaws directing to the sleeping and eating places. Whit this begins the dispersion of many species to the areas distant from the damp areas. Now there is water everywhere.

In the Orinoco, the beaches and sand banks disappear under the growth and the waters go back into the shallow lagoons that are all along the great river, which will serve as a breeding place for many fish species, which will feed from seeds and small plants that are in the bottom of the lagoon.


Andean Region - June

Among the Trumpetwoods of the hillsides the Tropical Parula flies, searching for the protein globules produced by this tree. These birds nest mainly during this month. They weave a round nest, where they lay two or three eggs.

The Slatethroated Redstart only begins to build its nest, which is a small moss cup built on the ground in the middle of a ravine.


In July the raining period begins. During this months, the rainfalls seem neverending, however, in the Coastal Region and due to a particular regime, a dry period will begin and it will last until mid September.

In the bird world, the plumage of the immature, juvenile, subadult and adult get confused all over. The great number of pigeons actively looking for seeds, fruits or an insect represent an identification challenge for the observer.

The Andes are filled with life. The lands from the "páramos" show gorgeous colors due to the greater period of flowering, that is why it is common to see Hummingbirds (Trochilidae), Spinetails (Furnatidae) and Thrushes (Turdidae), actively moving among the Espeletias.



Andean Region - July

The ornamental flowers of the urban areas serve as a feeding place to the big Purpleeared Hummingbird, who with its metallic song aggressively defends its alimentary territory.

The Andean Teals disperses by pairs towards the small sized lagoons in the Andean paramo.

The Brownbellied Swallows feeds its pigeons in the nests located all along the roofs and walls of the paramo areas.

The Bearded Helmetcress moves actively among the excess of nectar due to the flowering peak of the vegetation of the paramo.

The Rufous Wren of the paramos can be heard singing among the Espeletias of the paramo lands.

Certain birds from the "Páramo" nest at this time. Among them, the Bearded Helmetcrest. Its nest is a small cavity on the bare rock, on the side that is protected from wind and humidity.


During August, the beaches of the Caribbean serve as a scenery for the arrival of migratory shorebirds of North America. These birds concentrate around the coastal damp areas where, among Flamingos and Herons, they feed from the rich fauna of the salty waters.

In Guayana and in the rest of the country a great silence is felt all the time. With a good weather for

the breeding, and the ending of the reproductive period, most of the birds seem to rest from the active months with a silent behavior.

On the other hand, in the Western coast of Venezuela, in Falcón State, a short rain regime begins.


Andean Region - August

Around this time, since the breeding season of the birds is over and the young already feed on their own, large feeding flocks begin to form. Mixed groups of tanagers and others gather to fly throughout the forest, searching for fruits and insects.

The butterflies of the Diaethreia marchali and Diaethria panthalis genus can be seen. They are also called butterflies of the Coromoto Virgin, because on their posterior wings they have figures resembling the numbers 88, 89, 68, 98, 69, 96, etc., which are numbers related to the month of apparition of the Virgin in Guanare.


September is the best month for the watching of frogs and toads. A ride along any damp area would be impressive because of the quantity of singing and croaking at dusk and dawn.

The birds begin the formation of "flocks of mixed species".

In the plains any mata surrounded by water serves as rookery for the nesting. During the following months its a spectacle watching how these "maternities" begin leaving their space for the reproduction of waders. This process will last until the endings of December.


Andean Region - September

Around the Andean forests, the first migratory warblers, which come from North America, begin to appear.


This is the month of the visits and the ending of the rains in the plains, where the rain falls are now sporadic during noon.

Regarding the visits, the arrival from the Northern hemisphere of bird flocks searching for a refuge towards the south. One can see them crossing the lower areas of the Regions to continue their pass towards South America. At least some 70 species of birds, that include Shorebirds, Gulls, Swallows, Songbirds and Hawks lodge in the ecosystems of our country or pass through them on their way to

other warm areas of the tropic.

The gallery forest disguises of nests of different sizes. Platforms with sticks, gramine balls and feathers, bags hanging in an exposed branch and even fifty centimeters diameter platforms of dry sticks in the lower branches of the bushes. When in the interior of this last one two white color eggs can be observed, that indicates the presence of the Rufescent TigerHeron.


Andean Region - Octuber

The Algodoncillo of the Mountain begins to flower.

The Espeletias, as well as other plants from the "páramos", begin to flower.

t is a good time to observe the Bearded Helmetcrest.


November is known as the month of the lowering, even when the dry season begins in the whole country, in some areas isolated patterns continue. In the Venezuelan Eastern coast it rains, in the Andes during the morning the atmosphere will be cleaner, and in the plains almost the whole savanna seems flooded, but without so much precipitation.

In the Coastal Region, the ascent and condensation of the masses of air favors the lasting of regular rains in the cloudy forest. In the Andes the rains

end later than the rest of the ecosystems.

In the plains the water begins to stop and the damp areas begin to dry gradually, being this a process that ends in April. However, this soil continues to receive an important flow of those rivers that pour their waters through the eastern side of the Andean Region.


Andean Region - November

The breeding season for the Torrent Duck, handsome inhabitant of the torrential Andean rivers, begins.

The Speckled Teal and its young can be seen around the Mucubají Lagoon.

The Espeletia is in full bloom, as are most of the other Andean flowers.

The Bearded Helmetcrest becomes conspicuous during this time of the year because the nectar of the flowers it eats can be found everywhere.

The migratory birds from North America, which began to arrive at the end of September, continue their route southward through the Andean forests.


December is famous for bringing in the cold. This happens because of the arrival of the soft trade winds, which move from the East towards the West, or said in other way, in the opposite direction of the great rivers as the Orinoco and the Apure.

In the high areas the temperature lowers significantly in the early morning. In the plains the dry season or "summer" has already begun, and with it, the regular processes of this time of the year are showing: the floggings go away, the Savanna's grasses turn yellow and the water fauna begins to feel the radical changes in the bodies of water.

From November the different migratory warblers may be found in the mountain forests. For many hunting birds this month marks the beginning of the courting and reproduction period, while some aquatic birds are initiating their process of flying with their babies.

The lower forests seem drier everyday and the falling of the leaves from the deciduous trees speeds up.



Nature Calendar in a complete Year -  by Regions


Nature Calendar - Andean Region Nature Calendar - Coastal- Region Nature Calendar - Guayana Region Nature Calendar


Andes - Coastal - Guayana - Los Llanos


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