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National Park

Jaua - Sarisariñama

 

* Ubication: Bolivar State

* Location

It is located in the Guayana Shield, to the southwest of Bolívar state, at the headwaters of the Caura, Erebato and Ventuari rivers.

* How to get there

By river to the foot of the mountain, following the waters of the Caura river. By helicopter

* Characteristics

It belongs to the oldest formation on earth, the Guayana Shield. In this park, three of the most important sandstone massifs in the shape of a plateau or tepuy, are found. They are called Jaua-Jidi, Sarisariñama Jidi and Guanacoco Jidi by the Makiritare Indians. The rocks are mainly sandstone formed 1,590 and 1,250 million years ago. On the Sarisariñama plateau, a phenomenon unique in the world is found, deep and enormous holes on the rock, called chasms. The largest one has an absolute vertical depth of 350 m. with a mouth that measures 352 m. in diameter and 502 m. at the bottom. Seen from the air they resemble huge golf holes in the middle of an immense green plain of hundreds of square kilometers. In this area the rainfall is abundant and the headwaters of the Caura, Erebato and Ventuari rivers are located here.

* Vegetation

There exists an extensive jungle vegetation, which varies depending on the humidity, temperature and precipitation. It is possible to find dwarf forests or species of trees of greater height. For example, along the rivers there are gallery forests with a large number of species of palms. In the swampy areas mosses, orchids, bromeliads, common creepers, and ferns can be found.

* Fauna

The fauna of the park has not yet been counted and inventoried, but it is the same as the one in similar areas of this vast extension.

* Recomendations

A special permit is needed to visit, spend the night and conduct research in the park. Contact INPARQUES. Many important rivers have their headwaters here, and in order to conserve these resources it is necessary to strictly follow the rules of the park. When camping in deserted areas, it is a good idea to carry a first aid kit which includes snake bite antiserum.

* Facilities

There are no facilities in the park. There are several campsites near the Caura river (see pages 85-104), operated by responsible professionals who offer excursions. The closest airport is in Ciudad Bolívar, although there are several landing strips in the vicinity. If you want to visit and spend the night in the park, it is highly recommendable to do it with professionals in this kind of activity.

* Climate

Temperatures range between 12°C. and 24°C., depending on the altitude. Rainfall is abundant, approximately 3,000 mm. per year.

* Surface

330.000 ha.

* Information

INPARQUES
Tlf. (085) 29.908 * (02) 285.50.56*43.60* 48.59. Fax 285.30.70.


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