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Video Introduction to Venezuela  

Introduction to Amazonas RegionIntroduction to Andes RegionIntroduction to Caribbean Islands RegionIntroduction to Central & Cloud Forest RegionIntroduction to Los Llanos RegionIntroduction to Orinoco River - Delta RegionIntroduction to Gran Sabana Region

Sample Video of Amazonas State         Sample Video of Bolivar State         Sample Video of Delta State         Sample Video of Andes State         Sample Video of Los LLanos Region        Sample Video of Venezuela´s Caribbean Islands          Sample Video of Venezuela´s Jungle & Forest


INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

 

 

                    

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

General Information by State

 

 

Menu of Items by every State information


1-Geopolitical division 
2-MAP VIAL 
3-Basic DATA 
4-TOURISM 
5-Geography 
6-Geology 
7-Relief 
8-Climate 
9-Hydrography 
10-Vegetation 
12-Fauna 
13-Mineral resources 
14-Population 
15-NATIONAL PARKS 
16-Economic ACTIVITY 
17-TRADITIONS 

                       
TRUJILLO 

Geopolitical division 

It was part of the County of Caracas up to 1786, when it integrates the County of Maracaibo. 
In 1810 it passes to constitute the County of Trujillo. In 1856 it is one of the veintiún counties of 
the Republic and in 1864 state Trujillo is proclaimed. In 1881 it passed to be part of the Great one 
State of you Walk Them. In 1889 it is as state Trujillo. It is divided in fourteen municipalities and 
ninety three parishes. 

MAP VIAL 

The Pan-American highway communicates to Trujillo with Merida, Zulia and the center of the country, and the 
highway Trasandina leads to Merida and the Western High Plains. They highlight those 
populations of: Betijoque, Boconó, Carache, Carvajal, Chejendé, The Dividive, Escuque, The 
Gulch, Monte Carmelo, Motatán, Pampán, Savanna of Mendoza and Valera. 

Basic DATA 

Capital 
Trujillo 
Location 
Region of you Walk them 
Limits 
North: Lara and Zulia 
South: Barinas and Merida 
This: Lara and Portuguese 
West: Lake of Maracaibo 
Surface 
7 400 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
0,81%. it is the décimaoctava entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 

In the capital trujillana they highlight two monuments: the Monument to the Armistice and the Monument 
of the Virgin of the Peace, a statue of 46 m of height. In Betijoque it is the Parque Esteban 
Valera and The Bee, in this last one a beautiful mirador exists with view to the lake of Maracaibo. 
Very close the town of Isnotú is where the Dr. José Gregorio Hernández was born and in the one which you 
she/he finds a chapel and a museum where they attend the devote ones to pay promises. In Boconó you 
she/he finds the Natural Mirador The Hills, Gulch of Boconó, where it can be practiced the 
fishing of trouts. As well as the National Park Guaramacal. In the near towns to The 
Door, specifically in Niquitao, she/he is the church of San Rafael of the Stone, the one 
Monument to the Battle of Niquitao and the Museum Before Columbus Jacinto González. From here you 
it can visit the Moor of Castillejo and Ortiz, and the Teat of Niquitao. In Valera they are the waters 
thermal Alive Water, of Motatán and of Valerita; as well as Saint John the Baptist church and the one 
Museum of Alfredo Tulene. 

Geography 

Geology 
The diversity and topographical complexity is product of a geologic mosaic, where 
diverse materials prevail, originated from the precámbrico until the quaternary one recent, 
giving beginning to different processes geomorfológicos: deyección cones, terraces, valleys, 
plains and laundries of mud. 

Relief 
69% of its surface is mountainous and reduced spaces you fence intramontanos. 17% 
it corresponds to a transition between uneven reliefs and surrounding low areas and 14% 
it is a plane area in form of explayamiento plain and overflow. The Mountain range of 
Trujillo is the spine. This mountain range and the continuation of the mountain of the North give 
origin to two valleys: that of the river Motatán and that of the river Moboy, separated by a line with heights 
superiors to the 2 000 m.s.n.m. Integrating a deep furrow the valley of the river is developed 
Boconó, dominated by lines with superior heights to the 3 000 m.s.n.m. The existence of lands 
appropriate for the agriculture it is limited. 

Climate 
The winds play an important paper, penetrating so much for the northeast, like for the east 
(winds llaneros). The predominant climate corresponds, according to the classification of Köeppen, to 
savanna climate (Aw), with an annual half temperature approached in the capital of the state of 
23,5 °C and precipitations that reach the 936 mm a year. 

Hydrography 
Two big basins exist: that of the river Motatán that pours their waters in the valley of the lake of 
Maracaibo (it is the basin of more surface, and the main source of available water), being 
their tributaries the rivers: Jiménez, Castán, Momboy, Jurijara, Carache and Monaicito; and the basin of the one 
river Boconó that drena their waters to the river Orinoco, this has great quantity of waters 
superficial; their main tributaries are the rivers: Black and Burate, and the gulches San 
Miguel and San Rafael. It has underground waters, marshes, and sources of thermal waters 
(with temperatures of 50 °C), among them: The Bathroom and Hot Waters; and small mirrors of 
it dilutes in the high lands, above the 3 000 m.s.n.m. 

Vegetation 
In the areas of more humidity, mainly where the rivers are born Boconó, Black, Saguás, 
Bonilla, Castán, Jirajara and Villegas, and in some sectors of the low area, the forest prevails 
high in very dispersed form. Toward the lacustrine area they highlight the swamps and the coconut trees. 
Forests macrotérmicas alísicas and arboreal vegetation of little development exist. To the north 
the grasses prevail, and in the mountains the landscapes parámeros extends and they are located 
cloudy forests above the 1 700 m.s.n.m., below this vegetable formations 
the forests are happened you mount us and premontanos. Important forest resources exist 
as: samán, jobo, locust, mijao, cedar, will see, ceiba, apamate, yokel and oak. 

Fauna 
In some moors and sectors boscosos they inhabit species like: deer caramerudo and locho, 
puma, cachicamo, puercoespín and bear frontino. In the ecosystems of humid forests and 
pluvial they exist: limpet, rabipelado, dove torcaz, mount pava and guacharaca. In the areas 
intervened they inhabit rabipelados, doves white tail and turtledoves. In the areas moorlands 
they highlight the deer matacán and the rabbit paramero. The state possesses a fishing potential, the one 
which is restricted to the continental fishing that is carried out in the sector suroriental of the one 
lake of Maracaibo and in the net hidrográfica constituted by rivers, gulches, and in smaller 
proportion, lagoons. 

Mineral resources 
The mineral and energy resources are represented for: sands silíceas, limestone, silica, 
granite, feldespato, mica, phosphates, dolomita and clay, besides an area of oil interest, 
in the alluvial plains of the rivers Paují, Caño Carrillo and right margin of the river Motatán. 

Population 

It occupies the fourteenth place with regard to the national total, with a population of 493 912 hab 
according to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990. The density is of 70,3 hab/km2. 
As for the population's distribution, the municipalities with bigger quantity of inhabitants 
they are: Valera (22,35%), Boconó (15,22%) and Trujillo (11,73%). starting from 1950, the rhythm of 
the population's growth diminished progressively. These descents are explained by the one 
I process migratory that has affected to the entity, as consequence of the decline of its 
economy low cafetelera the global effects of the oil impact of the country. 

NATIONAL PARKS 

It has three national parks: Dinira, in the Sierra of Barbecues, in the nascent of the river 
Tocuyo, embracing the states Lara, Trujillo and Portuguese. Moor of Guaramacal, in the 
Serranía of Guaramacal, in the brunch this of you Walk them of occident of the country. Sierra of The 
Breech, in the mountainous region of the Mountain range of you Walk them, to the north of Merida. 

Economic ACTIVITY 

It is based on the agricultural activity. It occupies the first place as for the cambur production, 
banana and pea of the country; the second in potato, lettuce, carrot, beet, cabbage and pineapple; and 
the third in celery, cauliflower, sheath and garlic. It is also cultivated: coffee, cane of sugar, corn, caraota 
and yucca. In the sector agricultural animal it highlights the cattle raising of bovine and the swinish cattle raising. In 
the fishing sector: curvina, cazón, white bagre and white shrimp are the main ones 
products. As for the industries they highlight: rock fosfática, cement, coal, devices 
appliances, nutritious products and drinks. 

TRADITIONS 

The party of The Midgets and the Doll of The Calenda is typical of the state Trujillo and she associates with 
the festivities of Christmas and Carnival. Time behind a Midget, painted in the belly of a 
dancer, danced for the streets of the town to the they are of the Christmas gifts. On the other hand The was 
Calenda, an enormous doll that left to celebrate during the carnivalesque time. At the moment 
an assembly created by Alberto Aranguren in which a group of midgets dances exists next to 
the Doll of The Calenda. The music that accompanies to the representation is the Polka, which is 
executed with mandolin, violin, guitar, maracas and drum. Another of the traditions characteristic of 
Trujillo is that of the Shepherds and Kings Magos that she/he takes place between the 4 and January 7. From 
the villages lower peasants' groups that take images and flags to attend the 
Sacred Mass January 6. The shepherds group in Departures and they go in lines toward the church 
hitting the canes that take in the hand. After the mass it goes out the procession with the 
image of the Niño Jesús that then place in an altar in the entrance of the church. In the afternoon, 
Kings Magos end up in their horses to surrender him I pay the Niño Jesús. 



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