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Video Introduction to Venezuela  

Introduction to Amazonas RegionIntroduction to Andes RegionIntroduction to Caribbean Islands RegionIntroduction to Central & Cloud Forest RegionIntroduction to Los Llanos RegionIntroduction to Orinoco River - Delta RegionIntroduction to Gran Sabana Region

Sample Video of Amazonas State         Sample Video of Bolivar State         Sample Video of Delta State         Sample Video of Andes State         Sample Video of Los LLanos Region        Sample Video of Venezuela´s Caribbean Islands          Sample Video of Venezuela´s Jungle & Forest


INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

 

 

                    

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

General Information by State

 

 

Menu of Items by every State information


1-Geopolitical division 
2-MAP VIAL 
3-Basic DATA 
4-TOURISM 
5-Geography 
6-Geology 
7-Relief 
8-Climate 
9-Hydrography 
10-Vegetation 
12-Fauna 
13-Mineral resources 
14-Population 
15-NATIONAL PARKS 
16-Economic ACTIVITY 
17-TRADITIONS 

                       
SUCRE 

Geopolitical division 

It formed part of the County of the New Andalusia or County of Cumaná. In 1856 you 
it constitutes the County of Maturín separated from that of Cumaná. In 1864 the state is ratified 
Cumaná. In 1879 it is part of the state of East. In 1891 she/he is given the name of Great 
Bermúdez, up to 1898 when she/he is formed the state Sucre. In 1901 the state is believed 
Sucre separated from Maturín and in 1904 she/he is integrated the state Bermúdez again. In 1909 you 
believe the states Sucre and Monagas. It is divided in fifteen municipalities and fifty four 
parishes. 

MAP VIAL 

The most important terrestrial roads are the troncal 9 that crosses the state from this to west 
communicating it with Anzoátegui and the center of the country; and the troncal 10 with the local 1 and 2 that him 
they unite to Monagas and Bolivar. Among the populations they highlight: Araya, Cariaco, Carúpano, Irapa, 
Cumanacoa, Güiria, Casanay, Marigüitar, Río Caribe, San José of Aereocuar, Tunapuy, San 
Antonio of the Gulf, The Pilar and Yaguaraparo. 

Basic DATA 

Capital 
Cumaná 
Location 
Nor-oriental region 
Limits 
North: Caribbean Sea and New Esparta 
South: Anzoátegui and Monagas 
This: Gulf of it Gave birth to 
West: Gulf of Cariaco 
Surface 
11 800 km2 
Percentage of the national territory 
1,28%. it is the décimacuarta entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 

The Parque Ayacucho and the Guaiquerí is in Cumaná, both beside the river Orchards. 
Besides the National Park Mochima, with their islands and islands of transparent waters: Those 
Drunkards, The Chimanas, The Caracas, Island of Silver and Isla Mono. Besides the beaches: 
Arapito, Red, The Hicacos, Santa Cruz and San Luis. In the capital the castles are conserved 
San Antonio of the Prominence and Santa María of the Head. In Araya they can visit one another those 
saline, Punta Sands' beach and the Castle of Santiago of Araya. Those are in Carúpano 
National parks: Peninsula of it Gave birth to and Turuépano, besides the beaches: Caribbean, Big, 
Caracolito, The Flights, Sacred Port, of Gold, Medina and Pupuy. In Cumanacoa she/he is the 
Cave of Cuchivano and the Cerro Turimiquire. In The Pilar they are the thermal waters The Hervidero and 
the Lagoon of Guanoco. In Güiria, the Park National Peninsula of it Gave birth to and the beaches 
Lightweight jacket, of Small Tip and Tip of Stones. As much in Irapa as in Marigüitar also 
spas of thermal waters exist. In Río Caribe it highlights the paradisiac Playa Medina. 

Geography 

Geology 
The mountainous area includes the fringe of the peninsulas of it Gave birth to and Araya, and the solid one of the one 
Turimiquire, a formation cretácea of the mesozoico. The south piedemonte of the solid one is one 
tertiary, older formation that the defined one in a narrow fringe to the south of the formation 
mountainous of it Gave birth to and Araya. The sector suroriental is more of quaternary formations 
recent. 

Relief 
It is dominated by two mountainous formations: the system colinoso Araya-gave birth to, conformed 
for low lines modeled in metamorphic rocks, mainly lines, marbles and cuarcitas, 
characterized to present the very abrupt north slope, while the south is softer. 
The maximum heights are: I itch Santa and hill Ducks, 1 000 and 1 070 m.s.n.m, respectively. The 
another formation important orográfica is the solid of the Turimiquire, dominated by lines and 
depressions of sedimentary rocks: sands and calcareous that sustain the biggest elevations 
(picks Turimiquire and Sadness 2 300 and 2 600 m.s.n.m.). The slopes are irregular, with 
superior slopes to 45%. The areas with agricultural potential constitute near 26% of the 
surface estadal. 

Climate 
For the climatic classification of Köppen, the climate is classified in three classes: amazon (Am), 
of steppe (Bs) and of savanna (Aw). a great variety Exists in the seasonal distribution and 
space of the rains, happening the biggest precipitations in the mountainous landscape; in the one 
solid of the Turimiquire the values annual averages reach the 1 900 mm, and in the peninsula 
of it Gave birth to extreme values of 2 300 mm they are given, while in the Peninsula of Araya you 
they show the lowest precipitations with 243,8 mm. In the months of July and August you 
they present the maxima values, and in February and March the minimum quantities of precipitation. 
The temperature varies between 12 and 27 ºC. 

Hydrography 
The rivers are born, in their majority, in the Serranía of Turimiquire and they form two big valleys: the 
of the Caribbean Sea, where drenan the rivers Neverí, Orchards, Carinicuao, Tacarigua and 
Macarapana, and whose reservoirs (Turimiquire and Clavellino) they supply to the population's 80%; and 
the valley of the Océano Atlántico that is characterized by an abundant fluvial system. Among those 
more important rivers are: the Big one, the San Juan and the pipes Guariquén and Turuépano. 
Besides the lagoons: Good View, Guanoco, Chacopata, Campoma and The Ducks. 

Vegetation 
Toward the costs the type formations prevail to prick with thorns. In the high areas of the system 
mountainous Turimiquire and it Gave birth to, as well as in the coastal muddy plain, they highlight those 
forests and the swamps. According to Holdridge, present numerous areas of life that you/they go are 
from the tropical thorny forest (Araya, and surroundings of Cumaná) until the forest very 
humid low montano (nascent of the Orchards), prevailing the areas of life forest 
dry tropical, tropical very dry forest and tropical humid forest. Inside these 
formations are important forest resources represented by species like: 
apamate, cedar, jabillo, yokel, camoruco and carapo. 

Fauna 
It highlights the avifauna: hens, ducks, parrots and doves. Toward the southeast and in the peninsula of 
Araya nests migratory species as the flamenco. The most common mammals are: 
deer, báquiro, chigüire, puma, tiger and manatí. Inside the reptiles: bell, I kill real, 
lagartijo and marine turtles. The fishing resources contribute more than 60% of the production 
regional, highlighting the fishing of: sardines, pepitonas, corocoro, jurel, machuelo, tuna, 
shrimp and squid. 

Mineral resources 
The energy resources have acquired importance out for the project coast in the 
peninsula of it Gave birth to, called Christopher Columbus, with the production of liquefied gas. In the area of 
Araya exists virgin locations of granite, feldespato and plaster, as well as locations of 
limestone in the solid of Turimiquire, being the clay and the common salt the most profitable. 

Population 

It has 679 595 hab, of which 34% concentrates on Cumaná according to data of the XII one 
I take a census of General of Population and Housing 1990. It occupies the tenth place with regard to the total 
national, with a density of 61,2 hab/km2. The populational dynamics indicates that 51,06% you 
she/he concentrates on the municipalities Sucre (36,23%) and Bermúdez (14,83%), being located in the first one 
the city of Cumaná. 

NATIONAL PARKS 

It has three national parks: Mochima, in the states Anzoátegui and Sucre. 
Peninsula of it Gave birth to, located to the north of the peninsula of it Gave birth to, in the Serranía of the Coast 
Oriental. Turuépano, 
in the southeast side of the state toward the coast of the gulf of it Gave birth to. 

Economic ACTIVITY 

The primary activities and third prevail. The fishing is more the economic activity 
ingrained and profitable; there it disembarks 50% of the national production approximately. 
It gives 95% of the matter it prevails for the industries procesadoras of products 
fishing. And she/he concentrates almost half of the total of crafts and fishermen of the country, 
considered the fleets sardinera and handmade the most important. It is also fished: tuna, 
cazón, jurel, flat, mere, shrimp, crab, jaiba, lobster, clam, chipichipi, guacuco and 
mussel. As for agriculture, it is the first producing of avocado and mapuey of the country; the one 
second of cocoa, ocumo and coconut; and the third in batata. It is also cultivated: corn, cane of 
sugar, coffee, yam, cambur and avocado. Although 45% of the territory estadal is 
covered with forests, their commercial exploitation is very limited. 

TRADITIONS 

Among the traditions characteristic of the region the Cruz of May highlights. In her those converge 
religious beliefs with the capacity of creation of the music and the popular poetry. 
The Cruz has May 3 like commemorative date. The most important rites are those 
Wakes of Cruz, ceremonies that last until the dawn, in those that combine songs and 
prayers in front of a prepared altar in patios of housings, buildings or public squares. In those 
Wakes of Cruz are sung to the galerones compass and fulías, but also of other goods of 
local origin as malagueñas, iotas and points. The musical accompaniment is executed 
with four, guitar, bandolín or oriental bandola, maracas and square drum. One of those 
bigger cultoras of the music popular sucrense is María Rodríguez who has taken the 
malagueña, the fulía, the Christmas gift, the blow, the joropo with refrain, the harp blow, those 
galerones, the amusements and the iota, among other regional goods, to important scenarios in 
United States, Portugal, England and some islands of the Caribbean. 



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