The County of Caracas was part, in 1777, of the General Captaincy
of Venezuela. In 1909
she/he is dissolved and it is only the Federal District. Santiago
from León from Caracas is the capital of the one
Federal district and constitutionally, of the Republic of
Venezuela. In 1998 part of its
territory passes to form the state Vargas. At the moment it is
divided in eighteen parishes.
It possesses an important net of freeways. Also, it has three
lines of the system of
transport underground Meter of Caracas from the station Chacaíto
to the station
Propatria, and from the station Plaza Venezuela until The Valley.
Besides the one that goes from The
I silence until The Enclosed-zoological one.
South: Miranda and Aragua.
This: Miranda and Vargas.
West: Aragua and Vargas.
Percentage of the national territory
It is the entity with smaller surface of the country.
As cultural centers she/he has to the Athenaeum of Caracas, the
Cultural Complex Teresa Carreño, the one
Museum of Contemporary Art Sofía Imber, the Gallery of National
Art, the Museum of Sciences
Natural, the Museum of fine arts, the Museum of the Children, the
Audiovisual Museum, the Museum
Foundation John Boulton, the National Library and the Fifth
Anauco. In their colonial helmet you
it erects the Liberator's Native House, the Cathedral of Caracas
and very close the Capitol in whose
Elliptic living room stays the Book of Records of the Congress of
1811 and the Key of Gold that she/he opens the
urn of Simón Bolívar in the National Vault. In the Av. Urdaneta
is the Palace of
Miraflores, the president's of the Republic office. Among the
churches they highlight the Basilica
Sacred Teresa, the church of Altagracia, that of San Francisco and
the Santa Chapel. As for
parks highlight: The Calvary, The Caobos, The Jets, the National
Park The Ávila, the Garden
Botanical and the Walk The Eminent persons, a square combination
and park. It has two
zoological: the Pinegrove and that of Caricuao. Besides The
Observatorio Cajigal, The Polyhedron of
Caracas, the Race track The Corner and the Boulevard of Big
Anticlinales exists, sinclinales, numerous flaws and diaclasas
that show the intense activity
tectonic of the area. She/he explains to it the mostly uneven
relief, with pending discharges,
irregular, sharp and deep crests fit, besides straits and short
It is framed in the landscape unit corresponding to the
Mountainous System of the Costa. Toward
the south rises the Serranía of the Coast where the cliffs are
plentiful. They are the picks
Agustín Codazzi (2 425 m.s.n.m), and Naiguatá (2 765 m.s.n.m),
of tectonic origin that reaches
about 13 kms long, with a soft west decline to this; in him the
city has been summoned of
Caracas. Skirting to this city in their south limit is a
succession of formations
orográficas that conform a complex landscape of mountains and
The annual half temperature is located entre18° and 26° Celsius.
The annual half precipitation is
superior to the 900 mm. Presents a savanna climate (Aw),
characterized by the presence of a
dry rainy and other period.
The waters escurrentes arrives to the basin of the river Guaire,
current that crosses the area
metropolitan of Caracas of west to this. There the gulches flow:
Maripérez, Catuche and other four hundred of smaller importance.
These sources of water are
used as urban drainage of served waters. The resource hídrico
used for the one
supply of the Federal District comes from other entities,
especially of the state
To smaller altitude, where the humidity is restricted, heaths are
forests semi-deciduos and stains of savannas. In the highest areas
forests are presented
always green. Among the vegetable species they highlight: olive
tree, araguaney, mahogany, ceiba, cují
It has non metallic minerals as quartz, marble, sand, limestone,
granzón and clay.
Due to factors of diverse nature, the city of Caracas has become
dominant of the political, administrative, economic, financial
activities, of services
assistance and educational of the country. This condition has
favored the migratory process
toward the entity, until the point of reaching a population of 1
823222 hab, reason why squatter
the second place with regard to the national total, with hardly
0,22% of the Venezuelan territory.
The city of Caracas conforms the biggest urban concentration in
the country. Being located the adult
inhabitants' percentage in the parishes Sucre (19,42%), The Valley
(11,74%) and The Vega
It possesses two national parks: The Ávila, in the middle of
heart of Caracas, in the mountainous tract
of the Mountain range of the Costa. And Macarao, in the central
area of the Mountain range of the Costa, the one which
it is shared with the state Miranda.
It constitutes the main center of specialized services of the
country in the financial, commercial and
communications. The agricultural activity concentrates on some
mountainous areas (parishes
of Carayaca and Caruao), where it is cultivated: banana, avocado,
coffee, orange, mango, cambur,
caraotas, celery, ocumo and yucca.
The meringue, as gender of dancing songs, charges popularity in
Caracas during those
twenties. To the meringue traditional inhabitant of Caracas she/he
was known as meringue rucaneao. The
it orchestrates it was composed by four instruments soloists:
trumpet, trombone, saxo and
clarinet, and I eat accompanying instruments: four, I lower and
percussion. Groups existed of
silence that they were known as gunboats, and their members were
identified, among others
sew, for the constant use of knot tie, shoes of two tones and
In general the letters of the meringue from Caracas sang to the
love, to the woman, to the
day-to-dayness and to the big events happened in the country.
Although in Caracas it was
where she/he obtained bigger receptividad, she/he also extended to
Lara and Cumaná.