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Video Introduction to Venezuela  

Introduction to Amazonas RegionIntroduction to Andes RegionIntroduction to Caribbean Islands RegionIntroduction to Central & Cloud Forest RegionIntroduction to Los Llanos RegionIntroduction to Orinoco River - Delta RegionIntroduction to Gran Sabana Region

Sample Video of Amazonas State         Sample Video of Bolivar State         Sample Video of Delta State         Sample Video of Andes State         Sample Video of Los LLanos Region        Sample Video of Venezuela´s Caribbean Islands          Sample Video of Venezuela´s Jungle & Forest


INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

 

 

                    

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

General Information by State

 

 

Menu of Items by every State information


1-Geopolitical division 
2-MAP VIAL 
3-Basic DATA 
4-TOURISM 
5-Geography 
6-Geology 
7-Relief 
8-Climate 
9-Hydrography 
10-Vegetation 
12-Fauna 
13-Mineral resources 
14-Population 
15-NATIONAL PARKS 
16-Economic ACTIVITY 
17-TRADITIONS 

                            

COJEDES 

Geopolitical division 

In 1830 figure in the County of Carabobo. In 1855 two counties are believed: one with the one 
same name and another call Cojedes. In 1864 she/he becomes state. In 1881 form the one 
South state of West. In 1891 the Great Estado Zamora is believed. In 1899 it is again 
state. In 1904 it integrates the state Zamora. In 1909 it recovers their autonomy. It is divided in seven 
municipalities and fifteen parishes. 

MAP VIAL 

The system vial is short if it is compared with the surface of the state. The used roads 
they are: the troncal 8 that takes to Barinas; the 13 that she/he goes at Guárico and the 5 that it drives to Portuguese, 
Carabobo and the center of the country. It is in construction the freeway from San Carlos to Acarigua. 
Among the important populations they are counted: The Vegas, The Trunk, The Pao, Freedom, Tinaco and Tinaquillo. 

Basic DATA 

Capital 
San Carlos. 
Location 
Central region. 
Limits 
North: Carabobo and Yaracuy. 
South: Barinas. 
This: Guárico. 
West: Portuguese. 
Surface 
14 800 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
1,61%. it is the thirteenth entity with bigger surface of the country. 

TOURISM 

One of the big attractiveness is to enjoy the animals and of the plants of the Hato Piñero, in 
The Trunk. In May she/he takes place in the capital the Fair of the Mango, the regional fruit. In San Carlos 
it is the House of the Culture The Blanquera, installed in a construction that dates of the XVIII century, 
where Bolivar planned the Battle of Carabobo; the Immaculate Concepción's church, 
built in the XV century; that of Saint John the Baptist erected among the XVII and XVIII centuries; and the one of 
Sacred Domingo, only that has not been remodeled from their creation in the XIX century. Also 
of San Carlos' famous Racing circuit. In Tinaco they are the thermal waters The 
Sulfurous and the spa The Jump. And in Tinaquillo, the thermal waters The Aguadita and the reservoir 
of Cachinche, fork of the rivers Paíto and Chirgua. 

Geography 

Geology 
In the mountain landscapes and piedemonte there are materials of the era mesozoica, beginning the one 
system deposicional with a basal conglomerate of quartz fragments and granite, happening 
of calcareous to a series of calcareous schists. In an immediate way the positions 
piedemontinas concludes to open the way to the landscape llanero of quaternary origin. 

Relief 
The mountain landscape (that includes the slopes of the Serranía of the Interior) she/he has heights 
I average from 800 to 1 000 m.s.n.m., and it is conformed by wavy slopes to accident victims 
with slopes of 30-50% and bigger to 50%, besides straits you fence intramontanos. In the one 
piedemonte dominates the wavy hills to accident victims, and the low hills, with slopes 
smaller to 60% and heights average of 400 m.s.n.m. The landscape llanero embraces near 71% of the one 
state. It is subdivided in: high plains of intermediate alluvial plains and low plains, of 
alluvial plains with a sedimentation of the deltaic type with wide plane areas and 
depressions. 

Climate 
According to the classification of Köeppen, the climate is of savanna (Aw), with small variations 
climatic. The annual half temperature is of 26,1° Celsius, coinciding the maximum registrations 
and minimum with the dry and humid months, respectively. The precipitation annual average 
it varies among 1 300 -1 600 mm, increasing you among 1 900-2 000 mm in the areas 
mountainous. 

Hydrography 
The net main hidrográfica is part of the subcuenca of the Portuguese river, conformed for 
five big rivers: Cojedes, San Carlos (Tirgua), Tinaco, Pao and Chirgua. The high basins of 
these rivers have great importance for the socioeconomic sustenance of the region. 

Vegetation 
In the mountainous areas it dominates the vegetation of clear bushes, herbazales and forests 
dispersed; in some valleys intramontanos exists. The positions piedemontinas and the landscape 
llanero is conformed by hoisted savannas. The forest potential is bounded to those 
lots boscosos llaneros, where there are species of high commercial value as: saqui-saqui, samán, 
mijao, jobo, I dredge, apamate, cedar, ceiba, jabillo, charo, carocaro, mahogany, camoruco, carabalí, 
locust and sucking. 

Fauna 
They are counted among the mammals: báquiro white cheek and deer caramerudo; in the galleys 
it is frequent to see pumas and tigers. Among the birds she/he is a variety of blue, as well as 
real parrot, Brazilian duck, sparrow hawk whistles deer and paraulata llanera. The bell, the one kills real and the one 
cayman of the Orinoco is the better known reptiles. Among the amphibians: toad and frog platanera. 
Two fishing areas are presented that they offer a high potentiality. The fishing area of 
flood that extends from the left riverbank of the Portuguese river until the north of the one 
state; and the ribazón area or summer that it covers the Portuguese river and she/he extends toward the south, 
until reaching the pipe Igües and their fork with the river Guanarito. 

Mineral resources 
They concentrate on the mountainous region to the north and the solid of The Trunk. The locations of 
metallic minerals are associated to the formation Tiramuto and to the complex The Tinaco. In the one 
first lead deposits, zinc and copper exist, while in the second there are reservations of 
nickel that you/they can be exploited to open sky. The most important non metallic minerals 
they are: asbestos (the main deposits of Venezuela are located to the northwest of Tinaquillo), 
bentonita, cianita, feldespato, graphite, sand, burdens, limestone, talc, granite, magnesita and she/he washes 
ornamental. 


Population 

According to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990 their population is of 182 066 hab, for 
what occupies the twentieth second place with regard to the national total. Their populational density 
it is of 12,3 hab/km2. The main urban centers are: San Carlos, Tinaquillo, Tinaco, Those 
Vegas and The Trunk. The occupation pattern and space operation is characterized by a drop 
populational density to the south, in the sector of the plains, and a marked urban concentration to the one 
center-north, mainly in the piedemonte, where the municipalities are located San Carlos 
(38,02%), falcon (26,55%) and Tinaco (13,97%). 

NATIONAL PARKS 

It has a single national park: Tirgua (General Manuel Manrique) whose surface is of 
91 000 hectares and it embraces the municipalities San Carlos and Anzoátegui, and the municipality Nirgua of the one 
Yaracuy. 

Economic ACTIVITY 

The industrial activity is precarious, being the agricultural one the economic base of the state. It is the one 
first producing of batata, of quinchoncho and of tobacco; the second in ajonjolí, and the third 
producing of rice, of yam and of mango of the country. Other cultivated products are: corn, sorghum, 
yucca, coffee and cane of sugar. In the cattle sector they dominate the bovine cattle raising (their main one 
economic resource) and swinish. The timber production, based initially on the extraction 
irrational of fine species, she/he has gone toward the calls hard and soft wood, 
shrinking the productive capacity of the forests. It has some industries of 
self-driven, spun reserves, furniture and electric materials. 

TRADITIONS 

The spree is a traditional musical expression, characteristic of the Christmas that one manifests 
fundamentally in the states Carabobo, part of Aragua and in Cojedes. The grouping, 
integrated by musicians that interpret topics accompanied by furruco, maraca, guitar, 
four, violin, mandolins and charrascas, they go of house at home singing to the birth. To 
inclination of its verses requests permission to the owner of the habitation to begin its task. 
Later on they sing the boy Jesus, and later they intone ballads to the present, concluding 
with the petition of the respective Christmas gifts for the members of the grouping. Those 
sprees are identified by the name and a certain color that capture in the shirts and 
in the flags that behave. Also, they take enormous handkerchiefs placed on the shoulders. 
Heading the spree a character that takes a streetlight or star goes always. Those 
older groupings are The Flower of Cojedes and the Verdeclarita of the state Carabobo. The 
first she/he is 60 years old celebrating this ritual in the houses of the central state that she/he gives him name. 



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