February 8 1848 are believed the County of Aragua.
In 1863 figure as state Aragua,
up to 1873 when takes the name of White Guzmán.
In the Constitution of 1881 it conforms the one
Great State White Guzmán. In 1889 it is
recognized again as state Aragua. In
1917 are named to Maracay like their capital. The
entity is divided in fifteen municipalities and
The main one via it is the regional freeway of the
center. From Turmero the highway begins that
it drives to the Plains. From Maracay it leaves a
road toward it Tastes and Ocumare of the Costa,
another that leads to Choroní. Some important
cities are: Cagua, Camatagua, The
Council, The Victoria, Ocumare of the Costa, San
Casimiro, San Mateo, San Sebastián, Turmero
and Villa of Cure.
North: Caribbean Sea.
This: Miranda, Guárico and Vargas.
West: Carabobo and Guárico.
7 014 km2.
Percentage of the national territory
0,76%. twentieth entity with bigger surface of the
concentrates on the area of the Costa, where
they contrast the forest of the national park
Pittier and the paradisiac beaches of Choroní and
Puerto Colombia (with their rivers, wells,
natural toboggans and their lively pier), Ocumare
of The Costa, Cuyagua, Tastes and Catica.
In this state it is the Colonia Tovar, a town that
maintains the architecture characteristic of those
German that built it. It can be arrived by The
Rush or for a highway that leaves
of The Victoria. In this last route there is an
area of well-known parapentistas as Placivel.
Leaving The Colony a road leads to Puerto Cruz's
beaches and Mayan Port; from
this last one takes peñeros that take to Tunja,
Cepe and Chuao (famous for their cocoa). In The
Council is the Treasury Santa Teresa, with walks
to know the production of rum. In the
capital is interesting museums, as the
aeronautical one, that of anthropology and
history, the one of
archaeology, and that of fine arts. is also
the Chapel of the Augustinian Sisters
Recoletas, where the remains of San José's Madre
María lie, ascended devout person in 1995.
It has a natural monument, the Pico Codazzi, in
the limit with Miranda.
The litología of its mountainous areas is
conformed by rocks of diverse degrees of
metamorfismo, and for some igneous and
sedimentary. Their anticlinales structure and
it evidences the geologic dynamics of the area. In
the Central Plains and in the Depression of the
of Valencia, the sedimentary material prevails,
which has been deposited in times
recent. Five natural regions differ: Serranía of
the Coast, Depression of the lake of
Valencia, Serranía of the Interior, Piedemonte of
Hills and Galleys of the Serranía of the Interior
Wavy plains. Aragua possesses near 311 967
hectares of lands with diverse degrees
of agricultural potentiality that you/they
represent 44,5 capable% for diverse uses.
It corresponds to the Mountain range of the Costa.
Between the valleys of Aragua and the oriental
of the lake of Valencia. The slope and the
topography varies from abrupt and broken reliefs
with superior slopes to 40%, until reliefs of wavy
topography to page, with
smaller slopes to 5%. In the north end mountainous
areas are presented whose heights
they vary between 600 and 2 400 m.s.n.m. The
Serranía of the Interior occupies the central
part and its heights
they go from 500 to 1 900 m.s.n.m. The south part
corresponds to extensions of plains, with
heights between 150 and 300 m.s.n.m. The biggest
elevations are the picks Ash and Agustín
Codazzi in the Mountain range of the Costa, and
the pick Platillón in the Serranía of the
Varied floors bioclimáticos exists, from the
tropical one very dry in the north, until the
under humid in the mountainous areas, while in the
Depression of the Lake of Valencia and
in the south a dry tropical climate is given. The
annual half temperature varies between 25º and 27
a precipitation average of 1 000 mm.
Their net hidrográfica is part of three big
basins: that of the Caribbean Sea that includes
San Miguel, Ocumare, Tastes, Guarapito, Aroa and,
through the river Tuy, the rivers of his
high basin; the basin of the river Orinoco, formed
by the high basin and it leaves of the half basin
of the river Guárico and the half basin of the
river Memo; and lastly, the basin endorréica of
the lake of
Valencia where they pour their waters the rivers
Aragua, Turmero, Maracay, Cover-cover, Tocorón
The Mines. This rivers are transformed at the
moment into the main collectors of
discharges of served waters, so much of the
urban-industrial use as agricultural. Other
important they are: Aragua, Guárico, Lemon, Pao,
Turmero, Tuy in their high basin and Zuata.
It is subject to an intervention process,
especially in the vicinity of the areas
agricultural and urban. The forests are located in
the Serranía of the Interior and of the Coast.
heaths occupy part of the valleys of the Tuy, the
next sectors to the reservoir of Camatagua
and the mountainous hillsides. The herbazales
prevails toward the hills and skirts of the
mountains located between The Council and the
Colonia Tovar, and in the sector understood among
Cagua, Villa of Cure and you would Knit. The
savannas are to the south, and the espinares they
are located in those
coastal sectors to the north. In these vegetable
formations species exist like: acapro,
mijao, samán, jobo, I dredge, apamate, mahogany,
cedar, ceiba, caracaro, camoruco, carabalí and
Among the mammals they are counted: dog of water,
rat of water, girthed báquiro, araguato,
limpet, picure and tigrillo or margay. The paují
stone crest, the penned sorocuá, the eagle
solitary and the pick of flask emerald is the
characteristic birds. The mapanare, the tigra
butterfly and the bell are the poisonous snakes of
the area, as well as the tragavenado, the
queen and the verdegallo whose sting is not
Among the amphibians they highlight the lined
toad, the marsupial frog and a series of species
arborícolas. The main marine species are: shrimp,
lobster, squid, mere, carite,
pargo, jurel, cataco, sardine and tuna. In the
lake of Valencia the most common are: bocón,
guabina and bagre.
The energy resources are limited to the possible
existence of coal in a narrow strip of the one
piedemonte, to the south of the Serranía of the
Interior. In the north there are metallic minerals
cobalt, chromium, nickel, lead, zinc, barita and
basalt, and abundant non metallic minerals. The
south only possesses not mineral resources
metallic as marble, limestone, sand and clay.
According to their population it occupies the
sixth place with regard to the national total.
According to the XII one
I take a census of General of Population and
Housing 1990, has 1 120 132 hab.
it is of 127,7 hab/km2. The economic impulse that
the industrial activity has provided to
to leave of the decade of the fifties, it is
manifested in a geographical dynamism that locates
state as one of the main areas population
receptoras, observing you rates of
growth discharges, very above the national value.
This way: 1950 (3,8%), 1961 (4,2%), 1971
(5,1%), 1981 (6,1%) and 1990 (6,2%). This
population has been distributed in an irregular
the space estadal. 15,65% concentrates on the
municipality Santiago Mariño, followed by the one
municipality José Félix Ribas with 11,77%.
It only possesses a national park, the Henri
Pittier, that occupies 107 800 hectares in the
the Mountain range of The Costa that extends to
the states Aragua and Carabobo.
The industrialization process, particularly in the
Depression of the lake of Valencia,
apparent the development of an important
urban-industrial formation. The industries of
relevance is: self-driven vehicles, chemical
products, paper, textile, I cement, drinks
alcoholic and gassy. As for the cattle sector, it
is the first producing of swinish livestock
of the country and the second in birds; occupying
the seat of honor in the production of eggs. The
agriculture has registered an important growth. It
is the first producing of eggplant, the one
second of cucumber, and the third of tomato. Other
items of relevance are: corn, avocado,
milky, sorghum, onion, orange, potato, cambur,
cane of sugar, caraota, cocoa, cotton, coffee,
paprika and quinchoncho.
Cries her it is a Spanish name designated by
the conquerors to the indigenous ceremony of
watch of a body. The original characteristics got
lost and the deceased was substituted for
a puppet. At the present time Cries her it
defines to a dance traditional aragüeño,
The Victoria, with marked influence aborigine,
European and African. It includes choreography,
a very particular decoration. In the atmosphere
the vegetation plays an important paper.
Some bamboo sticks are placed in equis form and
some cambur undergrowths serve for
to define the space of the dancers and it
separates them of the musicians and of the
spectators. Cries her
it is made up of six parts: the sambainina, the
cow, the bear, the spark, San Juan-the
Magdalena and the stick. The instrumentation is
conformed by the four, the drum, the maraca
Creole, the contrabass and the carángano aragüeño,
fact with wood and wire strings
resemblance to a long table; a performer uses two
sticks, also wooden, calls
laurels to hit the strings, while the other one
uses one it covered with small stones or
grains of corn in their interior to rub them.