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Video Introduction to Venezuela  

Introduction to Amazonas RegionIntroduction to Andes RegionIntroduction to Caribbean Islands RegionIntroduction to Central & Cloud Forest RegionIntroduction to Los Llanos RegionIntroduction to Orinoco River - Delta RegionIntroduction to Gran Sabana Region

Sample Video of Amazonas State         Sample Video of Bolivar State         Sample Video of Delta State         Sample Video of Andes State         Sample Video of Los LLanos Region        Sample Video of Venezuela´s Caribbean Islands          Sample Video of Venezuela´s Jungle & Forest


INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

 

 

                    

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

General Information by State

 

 

Menu of Items by every State information


1-Geopolitical division 
2-MAP VIAL 
3-Basic DATA 
4-TOURISM 
5-Geography 
6-Geology 
7-Relief 
8-Climate 
9-Hydrography 
10-Vegetation 
12-Fauna 
13-Mineral resources 
14-Population 
15-NATIONAL PARKS 
16-Economic ACTIVITY 
17-TRADITIONS 

                            STATE APURE


Geopolitical division 

It was part of the County of Merida of the Sacred Spirit of she/he Screams her. To the anexársele Maracaibo, 
it was denominated County of Maracaibo. In the XIX century it integrated the county of Barinas. In 1856 
it is erected as county, and in 1864 she/he acquires the state range. In 1881 form, with Guayana, 
the state Bolivar. It is reestablished as state in 1909. It is conformed by seven 
municipalities and twenty-six parishes. 


MAP VIAL 

The vialidad of it Hurries it is limited and she/he concentrates on a main highway that crosses the one 
Plain of this to west, uniting to their capital with Bruzual and Puerto Nutrias, toward Barinas, and San 
Cristobal via Guasdualito. The rest is highways you truncate them. Their main cities are: 
Achaguas, Biruaca, Bruzual, The Help, Elorza, Guasdualito, The Victoria, Puerto Páez and San 
Juan of Payara. 


Basic DATA 

Capital 
San Fernando of it Hurries. 
Location 
Region of the Plains and of you Walk them. 
Limits 
North: Guárico, Barinas and Táchira. 
South: Colombia. 
This: Bolivar. 
West: Colombia. 
Surface 
76 500 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
8,35%. it is the third entity with bigger surface of the country. 


TOURISM 

The tourism is developed, fundamentally, in clusters located plain inside, where they prepare 
packages that include walks at first hour of the morning to see the garceros and 
trips to observe the rich and varied fauna of the region. In San Fernando of it Hurries it is 
the Palace of Barbarian, of Florentine architecture and that it represents the times of glory of the one 
state, when they exported Europe the sought-after heron feathers and the cayman skins. 
It also highlights in the capital The Cathedral, a colonial construction of the XIX century, and the Square 
Camejo, with a statue in brass of Pedro Camejo, the famous lancero llanero. Among the rivers 
Hurry and Difficulty is the islands The Black one and The Palomera. In Achaguas two exist 
attractive spas: Matiyure and River Hurries. Another place of interest is the Help of it Hurries, in the one 
border step toward the Colombian Arauca. In Puerto Páez they are the Tidelands of 
Cinaruco, an unprecedented visual show. 

Geography 

Geology 
The plains are conformed by not consolidated silts or little consolidated and for 
alluvial deposits. They present a fisiografía dominated by the plains of the Plains 
Western that occupy 75% of the surface of the state. It has landscapes of 
table plateau, inclined planes, piedemonte, mountains and valleys. The floors 
predominant they are ultisols enough evolved, with clay accumulation in the profile, 
acids and of low saturation of bases and nutritious. They are saturated of water by the long ones 
humid periods to that you/they are subjected during great part of the year. Also they see each other 
influenced by the long dry station, what hinders their use for the use 
agricultural. 

Relief 
The plains go from the fork of the rivers it Hurries, Arauca and Capanaparo with the Orinoco 
until the Andean piedemonte. They are differentiated in alluvial, oozy and eolic that 
they constitute plains of it overflows and explayamiento, plane reliefs, areas of dunes and 
deltaic plains. The characteristic units are banks, first floor and tidelands, these two last 
subject to seasonal floods due to their soft slope. The table plateaus 
they present diverse types of landscapes fisiográficos. The piedemonte and the mountains are part of 
the portion of the Andean mountain range; their variations of slopes go from 4 to 15%. In the landscape 
of mountain, the variations of height accentuate abrupt reliefs, with slopes of 65%. 

Climate 
The annual half temperature is of 25,7 °C. The precipitations oscillate between 700 and 1 500 mm 
annual. There are several types of climates: tropical dry forest (bs-t), associated to the plains 
alluvial and eolic, table plateaus, glacis and some valleys; tropical humid forest (bh-t) 
in the piedemonte and the humid plains; and the mountain area with a transition among 
tropical very humid forest (bmh-t) to forest humid montano (bh-m). it Presents two 
park: a rainy period from May until October and other dry, from November until 
April. 

Hydrography 
A parallel pattern presents with orientation west-this. It has a system formed for 
four main rivers: Hurry, Arauca, Capanaparo and Goal in their low basin that you/they are born in the 
Mountain range of you Walk them and they pour their waters in the Orinoco. Other rivers of importance are: 
Arichuna, Cinaruco, Cunaviche, Guaritico, Matiyure, Sarae in their low basin and Uribante in its 
low basin. In the plains hurries us 21% it is generated from the total glide to the north of the river 
Orinoco. Underground sources of high yield exist, as those that are among 
Achaguas and San Fernando. 

Vegetation 
The savanna vegetation prevails, inserted with gallery forests in the riverbanks of 
the rivers. To the west it highlights San Camilo's cloudy forest. The forest potential is 
represented in a surface covered with forests of 9,2% of the total estadal. The forests 
producers cover 5,3% of this surface. 

Fauna 
It is located in the gallery forests, in the pipes and in the lagoons. Among the mammals 
they highlight: chigüire, deer caramerudo, bear palmero, tonina and cachicamo sabanero. The birds 
more important: welded garzón, blue palette, overcoat, duck guirirí rosy pick and sparrow hawk 
red. The reptiles as dribble, snake of water, turtle arrau and cayman of the Orinoco are 
common. The most frequent amphibian is the frog jumper. The net hídrica constitutes a reservorio 
of fauna where the fishing can be developed and to be practiced the piscicultura. The fauna variety 
it presents a potential estimated in 9 259 TM. 

Mineral resources 
They are very limited because great part of the plains it is constituted by silts 
soft of the third superior and quaternary recent. Some iron manifestations exist 
in the sector Galley of the Cinaruco and the presence of hydrocarbons in the oil strip Hurries - 
Barinas. 


Population 

With base in the populational development, Hurry it locates in the nineteenth place with regard to the one 
total national, with a population of 285 412 hab and a populational density of 3,7 hab/km2. 
The population, according to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990, evidences a 
extensive territory of spaces semipoblados. For the last period intercensal the rate of 
growth was of 4,7%, almost double the national average. As for the distribution, there is 
a concentration in San Fernando's metropolitan area of it Hurries with 33,96%. This 
area corresponds to San Fernando's populated centers, Biruaca and The Recess. They continue him those 
municipalities of Páez (22,13%) and Achaguas (14,77%). To the south of the state they are located several 
indigenous groups, the group ethnic guahíbo whose communities are located in those highlighting 
riversides of the rivers Capanaparo, Cinaruco and Goal, and in smaller proportion communities exist 
cuivas, pumés, amoruas and capuruchanas. Hurry it has been pole of attraction for immigrants 
Colombian, well be to settle there or I eat traffic toward other regions. 

NATIONAL PARKS 

It possesses three national parks: Old river, which occupies 68 200 hectares of the high plains 
western, in the end west, in the frontier with Colombia; Cinaruco-Capanaparo, with 
584 368 hectares in the western low plains; and The Tamá whose surface embraces 109 100 
hectares to the beginning of the mountainous system of you Walk them. 


Economic ACTIVITY 

The fundamental economic activity is the agricultural one. There is predominance of the cattle raising 
bovine locating you as second producing of the country. In the last times it has been developed 
successfully the breeding of buffalos. In the agricultural sector, it is the second producing of cotton, bean 
and yucca, and the third in cocoa. It is also cultivated: caraota, cambur, banana and corn. The fishing is 
a traditional and reduced activity at local level. The industrial activity is incipient, a little 
diversified, concentrated on San Fernando and Guasdualito. 
Their more important forest resources are: cedar, masaguaro, stick of water, samán and saqui - 
saqui. 


TRADITIONS 

Although it is a music that is interpreted in the whole country, Hurry it presents as the earth for 
excellence of the joropo. A single joropo type doesn't exist, there are many modalities that you/they have gone 
arising along the time. In the western Plains to the forms primigenias –galerón, 
pajarillo and number - they have been added variants as the ring that hums, the periquera, the one 
overcoat, the six for right, the sparrow hawk, the quirpa, the chipola, the corrío, the cunavichero, the one 
quitapesares, and the own passage apureño, the representation llanera for antonomasia. The joropo 
it is interpreted, basically, with harp, four and maraca, more the voice. However, in Barinas, 
Portuguese and in certain areas of she/he Hurries it doesn't use the harp, but the bandola like instrument 
contrapuntal. He disputes, in their different expressions, it is essential part of the joropo. There is 
two contrapunteos: the one that takes place among the instruments and the voice and the one that one gives between two or 
more singers starting from the improvisation of verses and ballads. Every year they are carried out those 
“Parties of Elorza”, where the joropo charges life and it remembers a tradition that goes back to the one 
XVII century and it remits to old songs and Spanish dances. 



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