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Video Introduction to Venezuela  

Introduction to Amazonas RegionIntroduction to Andes RegionIntroduction to Caribbean Islands RegionIntroduction to Central & Cloud Forest RegionIntroduction to Los Llanos RegionIntroduction to Orinoco River - Delta RegionIntroduction to Gran Sabana Region

Sample Video of Amazonas State         Sample Video of Bolivar State         Sample Video of Delta State         Sample Video of Andes State         Sample Video of Los LLanos Region        Sample Video of Venezuela´s Caribbean Islands          Sample Video of Venezuela´s Jungle & Forest


INDEX of GEOPOLITICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION BY STATE

 

 

                    

Amazonas State anzoategui apure aragua Barinas Bolivar State- National camps cojedes Delta Amacurodependencias distritofederal falcon guaricolara merida miranda monagas sucre trujillo yaracuy

General Information by State

 

 

Menu of Items by every State information


1-Geopolitical division 
2-MAP VIAL 
3-Basic DATA 
4-TOURISM 
5-Geography 
6-Geology 
7-Relief 
8-Climate 
9-Hydrography 
10-Vegetation 
12-Fauna 
13-Mineral resources 
14-Population 
15-NATIONAL PARKS 
16-Economic ACTIVITY 
17-TRADITIONS 

                            AMAZONS 

Geopolitical division 
In 1856 the County of Amazons is believed, well-known as Territory of Black River, the one which it was part of the County of Guayana. This is constituted as Federal Territory in 1864. 
In 1940 it is conformed by the departments: Atabapo, Atures, Casiquiare and Black River. 
July 29 1992 are high to the state category. September 24 1994 you 
it divides in 04 departments. 
MAP VIAL 
The growth of the state has contributed to improve the communication roads in the area. 
Although their main centers populated distan much of being big cities, we would rot 
to mention: Maroa, Ocamo, San Carlos of Black River, San Fernando of Atabapo, Santa Rosa 
of Amanadona, Tama-Tama and Yavita like expansion poles for the XXI century. 
Basic DATA 
Capital 
Port Ayacucho. 
Location 
Region of Guayana. 
Limits 
North: Bolivar. 
South: Brazil. 
This: Brazil and Bolivar. 
West: Colombia. 
Surface 
177 617 km2. 
Percentage of the national territory 
19,38%. it is the second entity with bigger surface of the country. 
TOURISM 
In Puerto Ayacucho it is the Museo Etnológico, with their exhibition that shows the history of the indigenous ethnoses of the area. If it is weekend, the boulevard it charges life with the market 
indigenous and their autochthonous pieces. Many take advantage to escape until Casuarito, a Colombian village that you leave from Puerto Ayacucho's jetty. In the outskirts it is the one Toboggan of the Forest, a natural decline that finishes in a great grave of icy waters. One 
of the most popular sports it is the rafting for the streams of Atures and Maipures. Another  attractiveness is the Spa Blue Well with its crystalline waters. Five exist majestic natural monuments: Stone of the Cocuy, a rock that almost possesses in the summit three peaks vertical. It is an unique geologic formation in the world. Hill Autana, the sacred mountain of 1 300 m that is crossed by a cave formed by cuarcitas in their superior part, only in the planet. Tepuyes formation that shares with Bolivar. Stone of the turtle, one great rock that likens a turtle petrified amid the forest. And Colored Stone, one mass of black stone that has recorded petroglifos. To 120 meters of the floor there is a cayman and then a great snake whose head is guided toward the south. Under the snake and to both 
sides of the cayman, you can appreciate a man, a bird, an enormous escalopendra and you figure that they liken petroglifos of Aztec origin. It is worthwhile to travel until Samariapo and Port Venado to take a boat to Island of Raton, Isla Morrocoy or Isla Paloma. 
Geography 
Geology 
It is part of the guayano-Brazilian shield whose basement of age precámbrica is 
composed by metamorphic and granitic rocks. On this sustrato  is the Formation Roraima. Amazons belong to the County fisiográfica of Guayana, originated by processes of fracturación, rising, desnivelación and reduction taken place by currents superficial and underground of waters. The floors come from geologic formations of 1 300 to 1 400 million years, and they have been subjected to meteorización processes and lixiviación caused by the abundant rains and the high temperatures. This has originated floors of low fertility. 

Relief 
Two flat areas exist: to the North, the valley of the rivers Manapiare-Ventuari, and to the South, the penillanura of the river Casiquiare. It has three big mountains: Maigualida, Parima and Urucusiro-Tapirapeco-fog. The relief is formed for solid granitic, plateaus and tepuyes that occupy extensive sectors, surpasses the 1 000 meters high and they begin in the end noroccidental, going to the East and the South. They highlight formations with heights superiors to 2 000 m.s.n.m., as the hills Guanay and Yaví. 
Climate 
The annual half temperature oscillates between 18º and 26º Celsius. According to the classification Köeppen the one climate is tropical with three varieties: rainy climate of tropical forest (Af), tropical monzónico  (Am) and of savanna (Aw). The maxima precipitation values are presented toward the Southwest, and  they reach between 3 300 and 3 500 mm. 
Hydrography 
The net hidrográfica is organized in two main basins: that of the Orinoco (it leaves high and  mediates) and it leaves of the basin of the Black Guainía-river. In this region the river Orinoco 960 km travels. Among their tributaries highlight: Ventuari, Padamo, Cunucunuma, Atabapo and Sipapo. The basin of those rivers Guainía-river Black drena their waters to the river Amazons in Brazil;  has as main flowing to the river Casiquiare. Here the hydraulic phenomenon of the Brazo Casiquiare is given that it communicates the basins of the rivers Orinoco and Amazons. The drainage net, when reflecting on more resistant formations,  gives origin to jumps and streams. Other important rivers: Cataniapo, Manapiare, Mavaca, Ocamo, Siapa, Orinoco in their high basin and  mediates with their streams Atures and Maipures. 
Vegetation 
It presents the biggest diversity in vegetable formations of the country, distributed in: Savanna of dry floors with poor herbaceous vegetation in next sectors to Puerto Ayacucho. Savannas of humid floors in the low basin of the river Sipapo and the low lands of the Orinoco. The forests that cover 92% of the state, are formed by trees of more than 20 meters of height. The main wooden species are: cedar, carapa, mijao, apamate and saqui - saqui. When overcoming the 1 500 meters on the level of the sea the vegetation it is represented for herbaceous species and bushes of little development. In the entity some 5 000 are known botanical species that represent the fourth part of the dear flora of Venezuela. 
Fauna 
The most representative fauna of mammals is integrated by the monkey tití, the monkey claws, the amazon squirrel, the báquiro white cheek, the otter and the giant cachicamo. Among the birds you they count: the night paují, the bird paragua, the guacamaya, and great variety of species of toucans. The turtles are common in the net of rivers and pipes, among them they highlight the terecay and the stubborn turtle of the Amazons. Among the crocodiles it is common to observe the black stifle. And of the ophidian ones, the snake lora and the mapanare of the Amazons they are the most representative. In this area exists varied species of frogs endemic arborícolas. 
Mineral resources 
To the south of the Orinoco  is 80% of the mining resources of the country. According to studies carried out in the area, the grateful mineral resources are: manganese, iron, gold, titanium, uranium, diamonds, molybdenum, bauxite, tin and chromium. 
Population 
According to the XII General Census of Population and Housing 1990, the state has a population of 55 717 hab. This populational development places it in the twentieth fourth place with regard to the one total national, with a density of 0,34 hab/km2, being one of the more entities uninhabited of the country. The department of Atures concentrates the total population's 88,32%, while the rest presents a great geographical dispersion and it is located in small centers towns that follow the course of the main rivers. Their population has experienced in those last three decades a relative growth. For 1971 it was of 84,54%, for 1981 of 110,49% 
and it stops 1990 it was of 22%. The Indigenous Census of 1992 the autochthonous population estimated in 43 366 people, distributed in 17 ethnic groups. The most numerous are: Yanomami, Guahíbo, Piaroa and Yekuana. Each ethnos possesses a different language, as well as a cultural tradition that it conditions the establishment pattern, the space and the use of the resources natural. 
NATIONAL PARKS 
Four national parks exist: Serranía The Fog, located to the south of the state, in those limits with Brazil; Yapacana, located to the south of the state, to the Southwest of the fork of the river Ventuari with the river Orinoco; Parima Tapirapecó, to the south, in the nascent of the river Orinoco, in the Sierra of Parima in the limits with Brazil; and Duida - Marahuaca, in the central sector of the state. 
Economic ACTIVITY 
It is an economically depressed region. Its population's high percentage depends on the one located constitutional. The agricultural activity, practiced under the modality of “conucos”, it is very limited by the drop quality of the floors. It produces few surpluses to market, being their main items: caraota, corn, sideburn, banana, yucca, cambur, mapuey and cane. The cattle raising is extensive and inefficient, while the poultry keeping is not able to compete with the production extraregional. Great part of the potential of the fishing resources is underemployed, to to weigh of existing in the area species like: Lined Bagre, bocachico, poor target, curvinata, golden, palometa and bully. The commercialization is restricted to Puerto Ayacucho, where one single company takes charge of buying, to refrigerate and to sell the products. The aserrío of wood and the extraction of secondary forest products is rudimentary and it is subjected to strong permisología restrictions. Among their main forest resources they are counted: Rubber hevea, conger, I clot, guamo, yagrumo and shoemaker. The wealth and abundance of landscapes natural it favors the tourist potential. 
The indigenous presence is very strong in the area, of there that they still stay traditions that they date of several hundred of years. The means of transport is one of those symbols of the ethnoses that they inhabit the state and that they refuse to die. The curiara continues representing the road expedite to go from a side to another. “The Indian boats don't call themselves in the Orinoco canoes, but 
curiaras”. This the father wrote it Felipe Salvador Gilij, missionary that the Amazonia traveled 
Venezuelan during the second half of the XVIII century. The curiara is made of a single stick; it is small, it oscillates between the 3 and the 8 meters of longitude. The yekuana and yanomami highlight as their big makers. The construction begins with the selection of a tree of the one appropriate size. It continues with the process of to extract or to carve the curiara to hachazos. Then  comes the emptying of the trunk, what demands a meticulous treatment to give him forms oval to the hole, 
the ensanchamiento of their interior applying fire until achieving that the opening acquires the one convenient diameter and later on, the placement of the necessary crosspieces. Those curiaras, once waste as crafts, they can be useful for the elaboration of the one casabe. 



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